Sixth International Conference on Creationism 2008

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The Sixth International Conference on Creationism (ICC) will be held 4-6 August, 2008, in San Diego, CA. In continuation of the Fifth ICC, the theme of the Sixth ICC is again Developing and Systematizing the Creation Model of Origins, making the Sixth ICC also a “working” conference.

This will be the first time the ICC is meeting outside of Pittsburgh, PA, which is sponsored by the Creation Science Fellowship of Pittsburgh. Co-sponsor of the 2008 conference is with the Institute for Creation Research’s Graduate School.

Additional information for the conference is available at ICR’s Gradute School website.

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Creation Biology Study Group (BSG) 2007 Conference

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The 2007 Creation Biology Study Group (BSG) Conference will be held at Liberty University, Lynchburg, VA on June 13-15, 2007. The conference theme is “All Creation Groans: The Problem of Natural Evil.”

From the BSG conference website:

Our modern world – burdened with disease, suffering, and death – stands in striking contrast to the primordial world pronounced “very good” by its Creator. How could this be? Traditionally, Christians have viewed human sin as the source of suffering in this world, but many still found it difficult to reconcile a good, omnipotent God with the existence of real misery and pain. Modern creationists still struggle with this issue, especially with the source of particular kinds of suffering: disease, predation, and parasites. Join us at the 2007 BSG conference “All Creation Groans: The Problem of Natural Evil,” as we explore this challenging subject.

Be sure to visit the Creation Biology Study Group website for additional information.

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The Current Status of Baraminology

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by Todd C. Wood
CRS Quarterly, Volume 43 Number 3, December 2006, pp. 149-158.

Abstract:
The biosystematic method of baraminology has grown significantly in the past decade. Its conceptual foundations were discussed in the evolution/creation debates of the nineteenth century, long before Frank Lewis Marsh coined the term baramin in 1941. Currently, baraminology has been applied to dozens of groups, and the results of 66 baraminology studies are summarized and evaluated here. Though bias in group and character selection prevents firm conclusions, it appears at this time that Price’s suggestion that the family is an approximation of the “created kind” may be correct. Criticisms of baraminology from evolutionists and creationists alike can be resolved with further research. Whatever its future, baraminology is at present a useful tool for investigating God’s biological creation.

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More Precise Calculations of the Cost of Substitution

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by Walter ReMine
CRS Quarterly, Volume 43 Number 2, September 2006, pp. 111-120.

Abstract:
This paper extends the applicability and accuracy of the cost of substitution beyond its traditional range, and demonstrates a useful calculation method. Using my previous clarification of the fundamental cost concept, this paper derives a method for computing the cost of substitution under wide genetic circumstances, including haploids; and diploids with varying degrees of dominance, inbreeding, and with a sex-linked locus. Unlike the traditional approaches, this method is accurate even under fluctuations in parameter values (such as population size, selection coefficient, dominance, and inbreeding coefficient). To display general- purpose results, the parameters are then held constant, and the total cost of substitution is graphed. This includes cases where the selection coefficient is not small and where the traditional equations become highly inaccurate. It is shown that neither environmental change nor soft selection reduces cost problems, at least in single substitutions.

Note added in publication: This paper offers previously unpublished clarifications, derivations and graphs, and refutes widely accepted solutions to a central problem in evolutionary genetics known as Haldane’s Dilemma. It was submitted to the journal Theoretical Population Biology, where all the peer-reviewers found no errors. Nonetheless, they rejected it from publication on the grounds that it is not a “sufficient advance,” and “there is little interest in this subject today among population biologists; it is one of those subjects which has sunk almost beyond trace.” This has all been very unfortunate, as there continues to be widespread misunderstanding within the scientific community regarding these important matters, even among those who have studied the cost literature for years. It is hoped that the clarifications presented in this paper will eventually reach the greater scientific community.

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The Specified Complexity of Retinal Imagery

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by David E. Stoltzmann
CRS Quarterly, Volume 43 Number 1, June 2006, pp. 4-12.

Abstract:
An optical image is a very organized and specified collection of information governed by the laws of optics. The formation of an image, and its correct interpretation by sighted living creatures, is a unique example of the great complexity in the living world. While many other functional features of living organisms are extremely complex and point to the handiwork of a designing God, an optical image demonstrates a unique mapping process of the eye-brain system that is very useful to the organism. The transfer of light from an object scene to a visual detection system involving the eye and brain conveys an enormous amount of information. Unless that information is correctly organized into a useful image, however, the exchange of information is degraded and of questionable use. In this paper I examine the “connections” necessary for images to be interpreted correctly. I also address the additional complexity required for the dual-image mapping involved in stereovision. Statistics are presented for “simple eyes” consisting of a few pixels to illustrate the daunting task facing random-chance, purposeless, undirected evolution in the origin of any form of a functional eye. It is concluded that evolutionary processes cannot account for the perception of images by living organisms and that only a creator could produce complex visual systems.

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Why Mammal Body Hair Is an Evolutionary Enigma

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by Jerry Bergman, Ph.D.

Mammal body hair is a complex structure that involves several basic parts, including a shaft, a root, and a follicle. The most common theory currently in vogue is that hair evolved from reptile scales. Although both scales and hair preserve well in the fossil record, especially in amber, no evidence of hair evolution has been found after more than a century of searching. Another problem is that all primates have thick, coarse hair called fur, and explanations as to how this fur was lost in human evolution are deficient and contradictory.

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Helium Diffusion Age of 6,000 Years Supports Accelerated Nuclear Decay

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D. Russell Humphreys, Steven A. Austin, John R. Baumgardner, and Andrew A. Snelling

Experiments co-sponsored by the Creation Research Society show that helium leakage deflates radioisotopic ages. In 1982 Robert Gentry found amazingly high retentions of nuclear-decay-generated helium in microscopic zircons (ZrSiO4 crystals) recovered from a borehole in hot Precambrian granitic rock at Fenton Hill, NM. We contracted with a high-precision laboratory to measure the rate of helium diffusion out of the zircons. The initial results were very encouraging. Here we report newer zircon diffusion data that extend to the lower temperatures (100º to 277º C) of Gentry’s retention data. The measured rates resoundingly confirm a numerical prediction we made based on the reported retentions and a young age. Combining rates and retentions gives a helium diffusion age of 6,000 ± 2,000 years. This contradicts the uniformitarian age of 1.5 billion years based on nuclear decay products in the same zircons. These data strongly support our hypothesis of episodes of highly accelerated nuclear decay occurring within thousands of years ago. Such accelerations shrink the radioisotopic “billions of years” down to the 6,000-year timescale of the Bible. Read more…

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Body Mass Estimates and Encephalization Quotients:

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A Fresh Look at the Australopithecines and Homo habilis
Patrick H. Young

The australopithecines and Homo habilis have been publicized for years as examples of evolutionary transitional forms that launched our own human lineage. Dogmatic evolutionists have rationalized these claims on the basis of brain expansion, encephalization quotients, and bipedalism. However, any evolutionary justification for brain expansion in these extinct creatures must rest in a precise model for the determination of body mass. To insure an accurate body mass model, one must take into account whether the animal is quadruped, facultative biped, or obligatory biped. Past body mass estimates for the australopithecines and Homo habilis were based on assumptions about their bipedalism that have proven to be erroneous. When a body mass model is used accounting for the facultative bipedalism of the australopithecines and Homo habilis, the data shows that they are not highly encephalized, and hence nothing more than a microevolutionary adaptation of the pan-troglodytes. Read more…

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